Back to Index
McCurtain Gazette 1907
Three Are Jailed at Guthrie for Connection With Illegal Selling
September 13, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Guthrie—Charged with assaulting a federal witness in a bootlegging case at Ralston, Wilford Jones was arrested and brought to the federal jail here by Deputy Marshal El Eshelman. He was held to the Pawnee County federal grand jury.
James Rathburn, a fugitive from justice and charged with assault with intent to kill, was brought to the federal jail by Deputy Marshal Walker of Lawton. Walker also brought in Hank Miller charged with bootlegging.
Don Dickinson, one of the oldest offenders in the bootlegging business in the entire territory was again jailed here by Deputy Marshal C. T. Proctor of Pawnee. He was caught selling whiskey to Indians.
BELIEVES IT IS CRAVENS
United States Marshal Abernathy says Government Wants Noted Outlaw
September 13, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Guthrie—John R. Abernathy, the wolf-catching United States marshal, stated that he knew nothing of the capture of Ben Cravens, the outlaw, at Osceola, Nebraska, excepting what he had read in the newspapers. He rather believes, however, that the man under arrest is Cravens.
It is Abernathy’s opinion that if Cravens is under arrest he must be returned first to Kansas penitentiary at Lansing for escaping from that prison seven years ago. After the Kansas prison authorities are through with him then Oklahoma may get him for a brace of murders and other crimes. Mr. Abernathy also believes it possible that the Kansas prison people would turn Cravens over to the government to stand trial for the murder of Alvin Bateman at Red Rock, Oklahoma and that of Deputy Sheriff Johnson in Pawnee County.
ORDERED TO PAY OVER
Secretary of Interior Instructs Agent To Pay Seminoles Their Lease
September 27, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Muskogee—The secretary of Interior has ordered the Indian agent to pay over to the allotees their half of the royalties arising from oil and gas leases in the Seminole nation. This money has been held up ever since the leases were made there on account of peculiar lease laws.
The Curtis act provides that when oil leases re made they shall be made with the tribe and the allottee, and that one half of the royalty shall go to the tribe and half to the nation. Since that time the fullbloods have been placed under the charge of the secretary of Interior. The mixed bloods and freedmen however, are not and their status is known. Under the wording of the law the Seminole council would have to be convened every time an oil lease was approved. There probably will be some ruling on this by the secretary soon. The royalties on oil and gas leases have bee pilling up and the Indian agent did not know what to do with the money.
The royalty that belongs to the tribe is still pending further legislation.
The oil territory has been extended to the Seminole nation and oil and gas have been found at Wewoka and other places and most of the nation is now under lease, most of the leases yet to be approved.
LAST CREEK CHIEF
Moty Tiger Receives Commission From President Roosevelt
Was Born and Reared In Territory
Tiger Comes From Pure Indian Blood and May Be Said To Represent The Non-Progressive Element Of His Tribe
October 4, 1907—McCurtain Gazette—Guthrie—Moty Tier, chief of the Creek Indian nation, succeeding the late Chief Pleasant Porter, has received his commission from President Roosevelt making him the authoritative head of the Creeks.
In view of the fact that he will probably, be the last chief of the. Creeks, much interest attaches ‑to Chief Tiger. Bearing a name which indicates agility and strength, Chief Tiger does not belie his name in appearance. He is straight as an arrow, wears a black beard, and has a dignified manner at the first glance.
The chief's given name is Ho-mah-ti-ka, which, being difficult to pronounce in English, has been corrupted to "Moty". This name translated, from the Creek means, "The first to cross the river enter enemies countries, and recapture canoe." It was the name of one of Tiger's gallant ancestors who, with three other brave Creek warriors were the first recapture the canoe from the enemy during the Florida war.
Moty Tiger comes from pure Indian blood, and was born in Indian Territory five years after his father, Tulsa Fixico and mother, Louisa, emigrated with the Creek tribe to Indian Territory n 1835.
Tiger, true to his name and parentage, early became a warrior, and at the outbreak of the civil war he enlisted in the volunteer Indian regiment of Colonel Chilly McIntosh and served through the war, retiring as a first sergeant. Reduced to poverty in the service of the southern cause, he split rails, fenced a plat of ground and proceeded to make a living for himself and family. He was not called to official position until 1874, when he was elected captain of the light horse of the Creek nation. Later he was elected a member of the house of kings from Tuckabatchee town and held successively thereafter the position off district judge of Deep Fork district, member of the house of warriors, attorney general, superintendent of Creeks orphans homes and prosecuting attorney of Deep Fork district
In the fall of 1899 Tiger was elected second chief ‑of the Creek nation and reelected in 1903. In 1893 the powers commission was created by act of Congress for the purpose of negotiating with the several tribes of Indians in Indian Territory with a view of dissolving the tribal relations and allotting the Indian lands. A mass meeting of the Creeks was called by Chief Perryman to consider the proposition 01 the commission and Tiger was the only Indian present who did, not appose the plan.
Chief Tiger is following the precedent of Sam Checote, who was chief of the Creeks many years ago. He was an English scholar, but whenever spoke to him in an official capacity, especially as a representative of the government; he refused to talk unless the conversation was interpreted into Creek. He took the ground that he was representing the Creek nation and that their native was the only one he would recognize in the transaction of business for his people.
Since assuming the duties of chief a constant stream of full‑blood Indians way be seen filing into his office. His callers represent largely the non progressive element, who hopes through their new chief to restore some of their lost power. Although he can talk English perfectly Chief Tiger conducts all high conversations regarding official affairs in the Creek Language‑ His office force is composed of a secretary, two stenographers and an interpreter and if a white man wishes to speak to the new, chief he must do so through this interpreter.
TROOPS NOT POLICE
Federal Soldiers Have No Right To Eject Indian Squatters
October 4, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Guthrie—Chief Justice John H. Burford says federal troops have no authority to eject squatters from Indian allotments, where the Indian owners have made full fledged citizens of the United States, but all such matters must be taken into the courts. Only recently Secretary James R. Garfield of the Interior Department made an application to the war department for soldiers from Fort Reno to be placed at the disposal of the Indian school superintendent at Darling, headquarters for the Cheyenne and Arapahoe tribes. The detail was desired in order to assist in the removal of trespassers on certain individual allotments to Indians under the charge of that official.
Judge Burford says that a similar request was made of the war department about six years ago, when Major Woodson was the Indian agent for the Cheyenne Arapahoe, but the war department authorities notified the interior department that such matters must be passed upon by the courts, and that the federal troops can not be used to do police duty when the Indian allottees have become citizens.
BUFFALO FOR PRESERVE
A Herd of Seventeen for Wichita Mountains
October 4, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Lawton—Forester Matton of the Wichita Game Preserve in the mountains here received notice from the New York Zoological Society that a herd of seventeen buffalo will be shipped from the society’s park in New York to the Wichita Game Preserve October 5.
Frank Rush of Pawnee County, who was recently appointed keeper of the herd, will leave at once for New York to take charge of the animals and to accompany them on their journey. The game preserve fence is nearing completion when the foresters are preparing to institute a final hunt for animals that might prove inimical to the welfare of the buffalo.
FULL BLOOD INDIANS SUFFERING FOR FOOD
October 4, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Muskogee—From the neighborhood of Vian come reports of much suffering among the fullblood Cherokee Indians. Crops have been poor and many of the Indians are without money with which to buy food. It is expected that Indian Agent Kelsey will be asked to make some measures for their relief.
Especially pathetic is the story of Old Springwater, a nighthawk and one of the most conservative and non-progressive of the Cherokees. This week he was discovered by members of the tribe, dying of starvation I his home near Vian. He has clung tenaciously to the customs and laws of his fathers, refusing to accept any proffers of aid. He has been living in a secluded cabin with his granddaughter for months. So weakened was he when discovered that it is feared he will die.
BABE BORN AS STATEHOOD COMES
November 22, 1907--McCurtain Gazette—Sapulpa—Sapulpa claims the honor of the first child born in the state after the signing of the enabling act by President Roosevelt. Ten minutes after the signing of the proclamation, Mrs. R. C. Kinnaird gave birth to a fifteen-pound daughter, and the father R. C. Kinnaird, says it is the largest girl ever born in Sapulpa. The mother and child are doing nicely and the citizens are arranging to raise a fund to present the young Miss with an appropriate present. Her photograph will be sent to President Roosevelt.
Pat Garrett, Famous Sheriff, Killed In Quarrel
March 6, 1908—McCurtain Gazette—El Paso, Texas—Pat Garrett, known the continent over as the man who killed Billy the Kid, the noted outlaw and one of the last of he most prominent gun men of frontier days, was shot and killed by J. W. Bayne Brazel, a youthful ranchman near Las Cruces, N. M. in a dispute over a ranch lease.
Garrett had been on a visit to one of his ranches near the New Mexico town, and in a buckboard, with a friend, was returning to Las Cruces when they were overtaken by Brazel. A quarrel between the principles followed, and Garrett is said to have reached for a shot gun. Brazel fired twice, both shots taking effect, and Garrett fell dead.
BANDITS CAPTURED OFFICERS
Bank Robbers Relieve Police of Horses and Guns
March 20, 1908—McCurtain Gazette—Bartlesville—Surrounded by the party of bandits that recently robbed the bank at Hydro, Kansas and set out afoot to make their way back to the settlements, a posse of deputy United States Marshals, headed by Monroe Staggs, met defeat in their first bold effort to apprehend the bandits, who are led by Henry Starr. Accompanying Staggs were Jos. Daniels, Ross Flanigan and A. B. Culock, of Ochelata and Albert Cunningham of Bartlesville.
The roundup of the officers occurred in a dense forest of timber about 11 o’clock Sunday morning. They were taken unawares and saved their lives by yielding peaceably to the demands of their captors.
Henry Starr, a Cherokee Indian, who has served a sentence of ten years for murder and who Governor Haskell recently refused to deliver to the governor of Arkansas because of Starr’s better conduct in recent years is the leader of the bandits. Another is Kid Wilson, a Cherokee boy of unsavory reputation. The identity of the third has not been established. Starr was in Bartlesville a few days ago and purchased a large supply of ammunition.
The bandits are believed to be on Sandy Creek, between Pawhuska and Big Heart. Sheriff John Bird, of Osage County, has a pose of officers now in search.
A reward of $800 has been offered for each of the bandits. Old time citizens of this section who recall the days of outlawry of the two decades ago declare that if the terms of the reward are made to read dead or alive the robbers would soon be taken.
TIES STEER IN JIFFY
Milton Bealer Of Oklahoma Breaks World’s Record
Ox Is Chased, Lassoed, Thrown And Bound In One-Third Of A Minute Before Crow Of Ten Thousand Persons
April 3, 1908—McCurtain Gazette—Enid—Before 10,000 persons, Milton Bealer of Ninnekah, Oklahoma broke the world’s record for lassoing and roping a wild steer the other day. Bealer’s time was 20 seconds flat. The former champion was w. E. Carroll of Mangum, Oklahoma, who had a record of 21 ¾ seconds. Carroll witnessed Bealer’s great feat and declare him the world’s champion.
Thirty steers from the Panhandle of Texas specially imported for this occasion were the objects of the lasso. They came from a 20,000 acre ranch and were as wild as the plains of the southwest could produce. Twelve widely known cowboy ropers participated in the contest, each mounted on his own pony.
When one of the range steers was released from the corral he was chased across the filed until he came in front of the judges’ stand, and if then running at a high rate of speed, a flag was dropped and the fleet-footed pony, with his rider swinging a lariat, dashed down the filed after the steer.
The time made by Bealer appears incredible in view of what he had to do. His pony ran 100 yards before the lasso’s loop fell over the steer’s giant horns. That moment the pony turned, digging his hoofs into the ground, braced himself and waited.
The rushing steer reached the limit of the rope and turned a complete somersault, landing on his side with a thud. Unable to use his head the steer could not rise.
Bealer was not on the pony. The very moment he was the lariat land well over the steer’s horns he slid from the pony’s back and ran toward the roped beast. With six feet of rope he tied all four feet of the steer together in such a manner that they could not be freed jumped on the beast raised his hand and removed his hat as a signal to the judges and the spectators that he was through.
All this done in the third part of a single minute. Milton Bealer is just past 22 years old. He has spent his life on a ranch.
TAKE BANK’S MONEY
Starr Reported To Have Tapped Another Bank
April 28, 1908—McCurtain Gazette—Coffeyville, Kansas—Coolly, pleasantly and without interruption, two men, one Walker Tenant, the other believed to have been Henry Starr, entered the Citizens’ State Bank in Chautauqua, Kansas, at nine o’clock Friday morning, locked Cashier Walterhouse and Del Easley in the vault, secured $3000 in cash, which had just been taken from the safe and laid on the counter, sacked their booty walked calmly up the street t to where their horses were hitched and rode out of town in the direction of the Osage hills in northern Oklahoma.
Thirty minutes later President J. H. Edwards reached the bank, unlocked the vault, liberated the banker prisoners and notified the authorities. A posse at once set out over mud burdened roads in pursuit of the robbers. It is reported that the two men were surrounded in the hills fifteen miles sought of Chautauqua but have not as yet been captured.
Choctaw Outlaw, Refugee From Texas, Behind Bars
March 11, 1910—McCurtain Gazette—Ada, Oklahoma—After a running fight between Will Hendrix, the notorious Choctaw outlaw and a posse of officers, during which twenty shots were fired, but no one wounded. Hendrix at 9 o’clock this afternoon was arrested at Roff and now languishes in the Hughes County jail at Holdenville, where he was taken for safe keeping.
Hendrix entered the town of Roff about noon, drunk and armed with a revolver. For nearly an hour he accosted people on the street and searched them for weapons, taking no money or valuables. Men and women returning from church were stopped promiscuously at the point of Hendrix’s gun, and while their hands were in the air he searched their clothes. In the meantime the officers, who had been searching for Hendrix in the vicinity of his home near Dolberg, returned to Roff and caught the outlaw in the act of searching a man. When Hendrix saw the officers approaching he broke away and ran down the street, firing back as he ran. The officer returned the fire and captured Hendrix without difficulty, after his ammunition has bene exhausted.
This afternoon officers went to the home of Hendrix and arrested his father and J. R. Fondren. Two brothers of Hendrix and another man who had avowed that he would fight to the death with the Indian were not at the Hendirx home. Their arrest may follow for the Hendrix domicile has been considered a rendezvous for an undesirable class of men that has infested that section of the county.